Forestry & Wildlife

Forest Survey of India undertakes assessment of country's forest resources, every two years, the results of which are presented as India State of Forest Report (ISFR). ISFR 2019 reports the total forest cover of the country as 7,12,249 square km which is 21.67 per cent of the geographical area of the country. This shows an increase of 3976 square km of forest cover at the national level as compared to the previous assessment of ISFR 2017.
 
The top five States in terms of increase in forest cover are Karnataka (1025 square km), Andhra Pradesh (990 square km), Kerala (823 square km), Jammu and Kashmir (371 square km), and Himachal Pradesh (334 square km). Forest cover gives information about the forest canopy area covered on the ground irrespective of the legal status of land whereas Recorded Forest Area gives extent of forests in terms of legal status or definition of land as "Forest" irrespective of the actual forest canopy cover on the ground. The recorded forest area of the State is 11,520.06 square km. Forest conservation and afforestation campaign in Kerala have shown results. There is an increase in forest cover of the State during the second consecutive assessment period too, thereby enabling the State to occupy third position in terms of increase in forest cover, as per India State of Forest Report 2019. As per the report, the total area under forests, including plantations is 21,144 square km which shows that the forest cover of Kerala has increased by 2.12 per cent from the previous assessment in 2017. The extent of very dense forest is 1,935 square km whereas moderate dense and open forest covers 9,508 square km and 9,701 square km, respectively, making the total area to 21,144 square km.
 
State during the second consecutive assessment period too, thereby enabling the State to occupy third position in terms of increase in forest cover, as per India State of Forest Report 2019. As per the report, the total area under forests, including plantations is 21,144 square km which shows that the forest cover of Kerala has increased by 2.12 per cent from the previous assessment in 2017. The extent of very dense forest is 1,935 square km whereas moderate dense and open forest covers 9,508 square km and 9,701 square km, respectively, making the total area to 21,144 square km.  Among the Districts, Idukki leads with 3,151 square km followed by Palakkad with 2,084 square km, and Malappuram with 1,981 square km. Districts with the least forest cover are Kasaragod and Alappuzha.

 
Read more @ spb.kerala.gov.in
Source : Economic Review 2020