Kerala's unique development experience of high human development with low per capita income has received international attention. The State could attain significant achievements in the critical sectors of health and education. Kerala's unparalleled achievements in human development indicators are mainly attributed to the State's public interventions in health and education sectors, especially after Independence. Education has always had a central role in determining Kerala's performance in social development. The network of educational institutions established during the early modern period, the social reform movements and government intervention helped the State to establish a strong foundation in the field of education. In the early 1990s, Kerala became the first ever state in the Indian union to attain universal literacy. The policies for ensuring the universal elementary education have effectively been implemented by the State since Independence.
In spite of its remarkable achievements in the education sector in the State, prominent gaps exist regarding the quality of education being imparted. Inorder to look into various aspects of quality of education at different levels, the Kerala State Planning Board had constituted two expert committees (the reports may be accessed at
Expenditure on Education
During the first year of the 12th Plan an amount of 590.24 crore had been earmarked for education sector of which 98.78 per cent was expended. The outlay was increased significantly during the last five years and in 2016-17 the sector was allocated an amount of 1330.79 crore. Among the three sub-sectors of school education, higher education and technical education, the percentage share of higher education substantially increased over these five years whereas outlay on technical education increased only marginally. Further, General Education (school education plus higher education) got more than 80 per cent of the total allocation in these five years. 

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Source: Economic Review 2016

  • Commission for Right to Education Act
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  • The Right to Education Act
  • From April 1, 2010 the Right to Education has come into force ensuring free education to more than 92 lakh out-of-school children in India. This Act gives every child the right to a quality elementary education. The main features of the Act are summarized as follows:


The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education


  • All children aged 6-14 shall have the right to free and compulsory education at a neighborhood school. No direct (school fees) or indirect cost on uniforms, textbooks, mid-day meals, transportation etc needs to be borne by the child or parents to obtain elementary education.
  • The Govt will provide schooling free of cost until the child's elementary education is completed.
  • All schools must comply with certain infrastructure and teacher norms. Two trained teachers will be provided for every 60 students at the primary level.
  • Schools shall constitute School Management Committees comprising local officials, parents, guardians and teachers. The SMCs will monitor utilization of Govt grants and the school environment.
  • RTE mandates inclusion of 50% women and parents of children from disadvantaged groups in SMCs.


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Related Documents


The Right to Education- Order G.O.(P) No.100/2011/G.Edn Dated 30.4.2011

RTE Act – 2009 of Central Govt. with the Schedule

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

Central Rules on The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education-2010

Final version of "The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education, Kerala Rules" 2010 dt. 14.01.2011 prepared by this Commission

National Council For Teacher Education (NCTE) Notification on minimum qualifications for appointment of Teachers- August 2010

Press Release of the Commission dt. 17.12.2010

Press Release of the Commission dt. 07.02.2011 for collection of details of un-recognised schools.

Online Proforma to furnish required details by existing unrecognized schools dt. 11.02.2011