Special Assistance to Specially Abled Page
- Screening & Early Detection
- Early Intervention
- Employment & Rehabilitation
Differently-abled is often described in terms of lack of normal functioning of physical, mental or psychological processes. It is also defined as learning difficulties or difficulties in adjusting socially, which interfaces with a person's normal growth and development. A disabled child has been defined as one who is unable to ensure by himself, wholly or partially the necessities of a normal individual or social life including work as a result of deficiency whether congenital or not in his physical or mental capabilities.
Persons having any of the disabilities, namely, visual, communication (hearing and/or speech) and locomotor, will be considered physically disabled. More and more people are now convinced that "disabled" is not the right term to describe people who are challenged. Many now prefer using the term "differently abled".
Who are differently-abled persons?
As per the provisions of the Persons with Disability (PWD) Act it means:-
- Low vision
- Leprosy cured persons
- Hearing impairment (deaf and hard of hearing)
- Loco motor Disability
- Intellectual Disability
- Mental illness
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Cerebral Palsy
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Chronic Neurological Conditions
- Specific Learning Disabilities
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Speech and Language disability
- Sickle Cell disease
- Multiple Disabilities including deaf blindness
- Acid Attack victim
- Parkinson's disease
- Distress Relief Fund for the differently-abled
- Financial Assistance to Blind and Orthopaedically Handicapped Advocates
- Swavalamban - Health Insurance scheme for differently-abledpersons
- Scholarship for Disabled Students
- Marriage Assistance to Differently-abled women and daughters of differently-abled parents
- World Disabled Day Celebrations
- Vocational Training for disabled
- Scheme of Issuing Disability Certificate
- Scholarship for Disabled students pursuing Degree, PG courses (Distance Education)
- Financial assistance to Disabled students pursuing (10th, +1, +2 equivalent exams)
- Financial assistance for visually impaired mothers
a.National Institute of Speech and Hearing (NISH)
NISH is a premier institute in the area of disability and declared as a National University for Disability Studies and Rehabilitation Sciences. The institute was set upto providean excellent environment for pursuit of higher studies for people with disabilities. The facilities of the NISH include audiological evaluation, speech languages rehabilitation, pre-school and parent guidance programme, ENT services, psychological services, speech therapy, degree courses for persons with hearing impairment, graduate and post graduate programmes in human resource development, and research activities.
b.Kerala State Handicapped Persons Welfare Corporation
The Corporation provides economic empowerment and rehabilitation to the persons with disabilities. During 2015-16, the Corporation supplied aids and appliances to 1658 differently-abled persons under ADIP scheme of Government of India and distributed 500 motorised scooters (General category: 384, SC category: 116) under the plan scheme of Government of Kerala. Equipment like tricycle, wheelchairand hearing aid, were distributed to 3928 differently-abled persons and issued motorized tricycle subsidy at the rate of 10000/- to 47 such persons. Also, the Corporation distributed loans to 123 disabled persons for self-employment from the funding provided by National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation. In addition, the Corporation itself distributed bank loan subsidy to 310 differently-abled persons across the state for self-employment. The Corporation also assisted 196 children through the fixed deposit scheme (15,000/- for male and 20,000/- for female) for severely disabled children. Among them, 101 were male and 95 were female children.
c.State Commissionerate for Persons with Disabilities
The State Commissionerate was set up as per the Persons with Disabilities Act (PwD Act) enacted by the Government of India in 1995. Co-ordinating the programmes implemented by different departments and monitoring the utilization of funds for the benefit of the disabled in the State are the functions of the Commissionerate. The other functions of the Commissionerate are conducting awareness camps, redressal of the complaints of disabled personsand inspection of institutions for disabled.
d.National Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (NIPMR)
NIPMR is an institute under Department of Social Justice dedicated to the assessment and therapy of children and adults with multiple disabilities especially Cerebral Palsy and other associated disorders. An average of 20 clients mostly children are attending the speech therapy sessions under the Audiology and Speech Language Pathology department. The persons affected with stroke and accidents are also to be treated with available facilities in NIPMR. Institute for Cognitive and Communicative Disorders and Neuro Sciences (ICCONS) and Child Development Centre are the other major institutions working in this area. The particulars of these institutions are given in the chapter of Medical and Public Health.
Grant-in-aid to voluntary organisations running homes for the differently-abled
Under this Scheme, financial assistance is given to Voluntary organization running homes for the physically handicapped persons. The assistance given to organization @ Rs.200/- per inmates. The number of inmates in an institution should be approved by Government. During the year 2009-10 the total budget allotment was Rs.2.66 lakhs and Rs.2,29,367/- was utilized for that purpose.
Persons with disabilities related - Policies / Acts / Rules
Awards to differently-abled Persons
1.National Award for the Best Disabled Employees and Institutions
There are 10 awards to employees working in Govt./public/private sector and self employed handicapped persons can apply. Awards are also given to best placement offices/agencies/institutions, best welfare institutions for handicapped, research activities for welfare of handicapped, best local level committees handicapped children and individuals who got personal achievements.
Employees in Govt./public/ private sectors, self employed handicapped, individuals doing welfare for handicapped, welfare institutions, placement agency/ offices/institutions, handicapped children and individuals who got personal achievements.
Cash Award and Citation
The awards are given to the following categories:
1) Award to employees / self employed person with disabilities and outstanding employees/placement offices/agencies of person with disabilities.
Employees should be recommended by head of the offices. The welfare institutions working for 10 years and above can apply. For placement offices no. of handicapped employees (especially women) appointed within 5 years is considered.
How to avail
The application form is obtained from concerned District Social Justice Offices. They must fill the form completely and submit to these offices with required details within the last date given according to Central Govt. Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (Application form filled in English only).
During the year 2009-10 eleven applications were recommended for the National Award.
2.State Award to Best Employees, Employers and Institutions for Differently-abled
There are total 18 awards for physically handicapped employees. There are 2 awards each for blind, deaf, locomotor disabled employees for government sector, private sector and public sector. One awards each for best placement employers in government, private and public sector. One award is given each for welfare institutions for handicapped in the different categories of blind, deaf, locomotor and mentally retarded.
Permanent handicapped employees working in public, private and government sectors, Best placement agencies (govt., private & public) and handicapped welfare institutions.
Best-Handicapped employees gets Rs.10,000/- Certificate and institutions get Rs.5000/- and certificate.
Central/State/Public/Private Sector employees who are handicapped can apply. A Central/State/Public Sector institution which has 2% of total employees handicapped can apply. Welfare institutions for handicapped for blind, deaf and dump, locomotor disability and mental retardation can apply.
How to avail
The application forms are obtained from District Social Justice Officers. Applicant must fill it completely and submit to their offices with concerned details within the last date published by Social Justice Department each year. (must fill in English only)
Grant in Aid to NGOs - Central Scheme
1.Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase or / Fitting Aids and Appliances
The main objective of the scheme is to assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable sophisticated and scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances that can promote their physical, social and psychological rehabilitation, by reducing the effects of disabilities and enhance their economic potential.Types of AIDs/Appliances to be provided are locomotive disabled, mentally disabled, hearing disabled , visually disabled etc.
1)He/she should be an Indian citizen of any age
2Should be certified by a Medical Practitioner that he/she is disabled and fit to use prescribed aid/appliance.
3Person who is employed/self-employed or getting pension and whose monthly income from all sources does not exceed Rs. 10,000/- per month
4)In case of dependents, the income of parents/guardians should not exceed Rs. 10,000/- per month
5)Person who have not received assistance from the Government, local bodies and NGO's during the last three years for the same purpose.
However, for children below 12 years for age this limit would be 1 year
Institutions under ADIP Scheme
1.NISH, Poojappura, Thiruvananthapuram.
2.Kerala State Handicapped Corporation, Thiruvananthapuram.
3.Tropical Health Foundation of India, Thrissur
The quantum of assistance and income limit under the ADIP scheme is as follows:
Amount of Assistance
Up to Rs. 6,500/- per month
Full cost of aid/appliance
Rs. 6,501 to Rs. 10,000 per month
50% of the cost of aid/appliances
2.Grant – in – aid under the Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme to promote Voluntary Action for Persons with Disabilities (Revised DDRS Scheme)
Under Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS), grant-in-aid is provided to the Non-Governmental Organizations for running projects such as Special Schools for persons suffering from visual, hearing, orthopedic and mental disability.
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is administering DDRS scheme and providing grants in-aid to NGOs for the projects related to
1.Vocational Training Centres
3.Special schools for the persons with disabilities
4.Project for Cerebral Palsied Children
5.Project for Pre-School and Early Intervention and Training
6.Home based Rehabilitation program/Home Management Programme
7.Project for Rehabilitation of Leprosy Cured Persons (LCPs)
8.Project relating to Survey, Identification, Awareness and Sensitization
9.Project for Community Based Rehabilitation
10.Project for Human Resource Development
12.Project for Legal Literacy, including Legal Counseling, Legal Aid and Analysis and Evaluation of Existing Laws.
13.Environment Friendly and Eco-Promotive Projects for the Handicapped
14.Grant for Purchase of Vehicle
15.Construction of Building
16.Grant for Computer
17.Project for Low Vision Centres
18.Half Way Home for Psycho-Social Rehabilitation of Treated and Controlled Mentally Persons.
19.District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (DDRCs) The maximum level of support could be up to 90% of the eligible amount of grant for the project.
a.Home for Mentally Deficient Children
This home is meant for providing special education, maintenance and rehabilitation to mentally deficient children. One home is only maintained at Kozhikode. Sanctioned strength is 50. Age group given admission- 4-16 yrs.
b.Care Home for Disabled Children
These homes have been set up to offer care, protection and rehabilitation to the differently-abled children. Two such homes exist at Alappuzha and Thalassery.
c.Home for Physically Handicapped
This home is set up to offer protection and rehabilitation to the differently-abled men and women. Two such homes exist for women at Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulam. One such home exists for men at Kozhikode.
d.Home for Mentally Challenged Persons (PrathyasaBhavan)
These homes are set up to care and rehabilitate mentally challenged women above 18, One home exists at Thrissur.
e.Custodial Care Home for Men (PratheekshaBhavan)
This home is set up for the rehabilitation of mentally challenged men above age of 18. One such institution exists at Malappuram.
These homes have been set up to offer care, rehabilitation to the cured mentally ill patients. Six of them exist. For women it exists at Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kozhikode. For men it exists at Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam and Kozhikode.