Agriculture

 
The growth of value added in agriculture and allied sectors in Kerala continued to remain slow or negative for most of the period between 2011-12 and 2018-19. The rates of growth were -2.38 per cent and -6.62 per cent in 2018-19 and 2019-20 respectively. 
 
As in all sectors, the Covid-19 pandemic affected agriculture in multiple ways - global trade came to a halt during lockdown, domestic prices of most agricultural crops fell sharply, and there was shortage of human power affecting the functioning of a number of processing units. The Government intervention was quick to ease the bottlenecks. To address issues related to food security, the Government announced the Subhiksha Keralam programme with focus on increased food production by enhancing the area under cultivation and adopting innovative technologies. 
 
Agriculture and Allied Sectors
Subhiksha Keralam
 
The Government of Kerala formulated ‘Subhiksha Keralam', a people's campaign, to achieve selfsufficiency in food production. The campaign aims to increase farmers' income, attract youngsters to farming, and rehabilitate return migrants, through promoting agriculture in the State. An amount of ₹3,860 crore is to be infused into the economy under this programme in one year. The expected expenditure for the scheme is ₹1,449 crore for agriculture, ₹2,078 crore for fisheries, ₹215 crore for dairy development, and ₹115 crore for animal husbandry.
 
Under the programme, measures are undertaken to cultivate a total of 25,000 hectares of fallow under the leadership of the Local Self Governments, with the guidance of the Department of Agriculture and active participation of Kudumbashree groups along with mass participation from the people. Paddy is to be cultivated in 5,000 hectares, vegetables and plantain in 7,000 hectares each, tubers in 5,000 hectares, and lentils and small grains in 500 hectares each. Kitchen gardens are also encouraged. The Government provided seeds and saplings. A chain of cold storage facilities is envisaged to ensure that the product is preserved after harvesting. The Government of Kerala also took measures to adequately market the produce.
 
The major departments involved in the programme are Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development, Fisheries, Co-operation, Water Resources, Industries and LSG to provide credit, marketing, and irrigation support.
 
Read more @ spb.kerala.gov.in
Source : Economic Review 2019